Supplications for Wuḍūʾ
The Prophetic invocations to be recited in one’s mind whilst one performs ablution [wuḍūʾ].
From Imām al-Ghazālī’s “Beginning of Guidance”, based on the Shāfiꜥī school of Jurisprudence [fiqh].
Said, the Imam, God have mercy on him,
God benefit us through him and through you,
God be pleased with him and you:
When you finish cleaning yourself from any remaining filth (after using the lavatory), then use the siwāk and never leave it, for it purifies the mouth, pleases the Lord and infuriates Shayṭān.
A prayer performed after having used the siwāk is better than seventy prayers performed without having used it.
Abū Hurayra (God be pleased with him) related that the Prophet ﷺ said, “Had it not been for my fear of overburdening my Umma, I would have commanded them to use the siwāk with every prayer.”
He ﷺ also said, “I was ordered to use the siwāk (so much so) that I feared it would be written as an obligation upon me.”
Before Starting Wuḍūʾ
Sit down to begin your wuḍūʾ, facing the Qibla, on a raised area so that you are not hit with the spray of the water, and say:
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
رَبِّ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ هَمَزَاتِ الشَّيَاطِينِ وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ أَن يَحْضُرُون
Rabbi aꜥūdhu bika min hamazātiʾsh-shayāṭīn wa aꜥūdhu bika an yaḥḍurūn
In the Name of God, the Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
O Lord, I seek refuge in You from the incitement of the devils and I seek refuge In You from their appearing to me.
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ إِنِّي أَسْأَلُكَ الْيُمْنَ وَالْبَرَكَةِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الشُّؤُمِ وَالْهَلَكَةِ
Allāhummaī innī asʾalukaʾl-yumna wal-barakata, wa aꜥūdhu bika minaʾsh-shuʾumi wal-halakati
O God, I ask you for good fortune and blessings, and I seek refuge in You from ill luck and disaster.
Rinsing the Mouth
Place some water in your mouth and gargle it three times. Let it reach the back of your throat unless you are fasting, then perform this very carefully, just in case you accidentally swallow it and break your fast.
When rinsing the mouth, recite:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ أَعِنِّي عَلَىٰ تِلَاوَّةِ كِتَابِكَ وَكَثْرَةِ ٱلذِّكْرِ لَكَ، وَثَبِّتْنِي بِٱلْقَولِ ٱلثَّابِتِ فِي ٱلْحَيَاةِ ٱلدُّنْيَا وَفِي ٱلآخِرَةِ
Allāhumma aꜥinnī ꜥalā tilāwati kitābika wa kathratiʾdh-dhikri lak, wa thabbitnī bilqawliʾth-thābiti fīʾl-ḥayātiʾd-dunyā wa fīʾl-ākhira
O God, support me in reciting Your Book, and doing much remembrance of You, and keep me firmly established with the firmly established word in the life of this world and the next.
The Intention for Wuḍū’
Then make the intention for fulfilling the obligation of wuḍū’, for the removal of anything that will invalidate the prayer [ḥadath], or for making the prayer permissible [istibāḥat iṣ-ṣalāh]. The intention can be any of the following three formulas mentioned and even a combination of them:
إنِّي نَوَيْتُ فَرْضُ ٱلْوُضُوءْ
إنِّي نَوَيْتُ رَفْعَ ٱلْحَدَثْ
إنِّي نَوَيْتُ إِسْتِبَاحَةَ الصَّلَاة
Innī nawaytu farḍuʾl-wuḍū’
Innī nawaytu rafꜥaʾl-ḥadath
Innī nawaytu istibāḥatiʾṣ-ṣalāt
I intend the obligatory ablution.
I intend the removal of that which nullifies my ablution.
I intend to make permissible the prayer.
Rinsing the Nose
Take a handful of water for your nose, draw it in and blow it out three times, removing any moisture from your nose.
While drawing it in, supplicate:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ أَرِحْنِي رَائِحَةَ ٱلْجَنَّةِ وَأَنْتَ عَنِّي رَاضٍ
Allāhumma ariḥnī rāʾiḥatiʾl-jannati wa anta ꜥannī rāḍ
O God, let me smell the wondrous smell of the Garden and You are pleased with me.
While blowing it out, supplicate:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ رَوَائِحِ ٱلنَّارِ وَمِنْ سُوءِ ٱلدَّارِ
Allāhumma innī aꜥūdhu bika min rawāʾiḥ an-nār wa min sūʾ id-dār
O God, I seek refuge with You from the odours of the Fire and from an evil abode.
Washing the Face
Take a handful of water for your face, and with it, wash vertically that which is between the flatter parts of your forehead and to the edge of your chin (and slightly past), and horizontally, between the two ears. Make sure that the water reaches the area from which women customarily remove hair, which is the part that is between the top of the ear and the corner of the temples – the area I am referring to is situated between them. Allow water to reach four places where hair grows; the eyebrows, the moustache, the eyelashes and the cheeks (the area before the ears at the beginning of the beard). The water must also reach the skin where the beard is thinnest, but not where the hair of the heard is thick.
Do not leave out wetting the thick part of your beard at the end (by raking through it with your fingers).
While washing your face, supplicate the following:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ بَيِّضْ وَجْهِي بِنُورِكَ يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوهُ أَوْلِيَائَكَ، وَلَا تُسَوِّدْ وَجْهِي بِظُلُمَاتِكَ يَوْمَ تَسْوَدُّ وُجُوهُ أَعْدَائِكَ
Allāhumma bayyiḍ wajhī binūrika yawma tabyaḍḍu wujūhu awliyāʾaka, wa lā tusawwid wajhī biẓulumātika yawma taswaddu wujūhu aꜥdā’ika
O God, whiten my face with Your Light on the Day when Your Friends’ faces are whitened, and do not blacken my face with Your Darknesses on the Day when Your enemies’ faces are blackened.
Washing the Arms
Wash your right arm first and then your left arm, thrice each, (from the finger tips) up until the elbows and halfway up the upper segment of your arms. (It is a sunna to move your ring if water does reach beneath it, however, if water does not reach beneath it, then it is obligatory to remove the ring and wash the area beneath.)
When washing your right arm, supplicate:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ أَعْطِنِي كِتَابِي بِيَمِينِي وَحَاسِبْنِي حِسَاباً يَسِيراً
Allāhumma aꜥṭinī kitābī biyamīnī wa ḥāsibnī ḥisāban yasīrā
O God, give me my book in my right hand and grant me an easy judgement.
When washing your left arm, supplicate:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ تُعْطِيَنِي كِتَابِي بِشِمَالِي أَوْ مِنْ وَرَاءِ ظهْرِي
Allāhumma innī aꜥūẓu bika an tuꜥṭiyanī kitābī bishimālī aw min warāʾa ẓahrī
O God, I seek refuge in You that You give me my book in my left hand or from behind my back.
Wiping the Head
Next, you wipe your whole head after you have wetted your hands, keeping the fingertips of your right and left hand together. Start from your forehead and wipe to the nape of your neck and then back again (to the forehead). This is considered one wipe. Do this three times as you would with your other limbs.
While wiping your head, supplicate:
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ غَشِّنِي بِرَحْمَتِكَ، وَأَنْزِلْ عَلَيَّ مِنْ بَرَكَاتِكَ، وَأَظِلَّنِي تَحْتَ ظِلِّ عَرْشِكَ، يَوْمَ لَا ظِلَّ إِلَّا ظِلُّكَ.
اللَّٰهُمَّ؛ حَرِّمْ شَعَرِي وَبَشَرِي عَلَىٰ ٱلنَّارِ
Allāhumma ghashshinī biraḥmatika, wa anzil ꜥalayya min barakātika, wa aẓillanī taḥta ẓilli ꜥarshika, yawma lā ẓilla illā ẓilluk.
Allāhumma ḥarrim shaꜥarī wa basharī ꜥalaʾn-nār.
O God, cover me with Your mercy, and send down upon me from Your blessings, and shade me beneath the shade of Your Throne on the Day when there is no shade but Yours. O God, make forbidden my hair and flesh from the Fire (of Hell).
Wiping the Ears
Wipe your ears, inside and outside, with fresh water; place your index fingers in your earholes and wipe the outer surface of your ears with the balls of your thumbs (right and left at the same time with the right and left hands).
While wiping your ears, supplicate:
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ؛ ٱجَعَلْنِي مِنَ ٱلَّذِينَ يَسْتَمِعُونَ ٱلْقَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ أَحْسَنَهُ
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ؛ أَسْمِعْنِي مُنَادِي ٱلْجَنَّةِ فِي ٱلْجَنَّةِ مَعَ ٱلْأَبْرَارِ
Allāhumma-jʾalnī minaʾl-ladhīna yastamiꜥūn al-qawla fayattabiꜥūna aḥsanahu
Allāhumma asmiꜥnī munādiʾl-jannati fīʾl-jannati maꜥaʾl-abrār
O God, make me from those who when they hear a saying, follow the best of it. O God, allow me to hear the call of the Caller to the Garden with the pious in Paradise.
Wiping the Neck
Then wipe your neck and recite:
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ؛ فُكَّ رَقَبَتِي مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ، وَأَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ ٱلسَّلَاسِلِ وَٱلْأَغْلَالِ
Allāhumma fukka raqabatī min an-nār, wa aꜥūdhu bika min as-salāsili waʾl-aghlāli
O God, deliver my neck from the Fire (of Hell), and I seek refuge in You from the manacles and the chains (with which those destined for the Fire will be dragged).
Washing the Feet
Then wash your right foot, and after it, the left foot, both together up to the ankles and slightly past them. Scrub between your toes using the little finger of your left hand beginning with the little toe of your right foot, and finishing with the little toe of your left foot. Approach the toes from below the foot, not above.
While washing your right foot, supplicate:
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ؛ ثَبِّتْ قَدَمَيَّ عَلَىٰ ٱلصِّرَاطِ ٱلْمُسْتَقِيم مَعَ أَقْدَامِ عِبَادِكَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Allāhumma thabbit qadamayya ꜥalaʾṣ-sirāṭ il-mustaqīm maꜥa aqdāmi ꜥibādika’ṣ-ṣāliḥīn
O God, make steadfast my feet on the Firmly Established Path following the feet of Your Righteous Servants.
While washing your left foot, supplicate:
ٱللَّٰهُمَّ؛ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ أَنْ تَزِلَّ قَدَمِي عَلَىٰ ٱلصِّرَاطِ فِي ٱلنَّارِ يَوْمَ تَزِلُّ أَقْدَامُ ٱلْمُنَافِقِينَ وَٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ
Allāhumma innī aʿūdhu bika an tazilla qadamī ꜥalāʾṣ-ṣirāṭi fiʾn-nāri yawma tazillu aqdāmuʾl-munāfiqīna waʾl-mushrikīna
O God, I seek refuge in You from the slipping of my feet from the Bridge into the Fire (of Hell) on the Day that the feet of the hypocrites and polytheists slip (into it).
Make sure to wash up past your ankle to half-way of your shin.
Ensure that all of your limbs are washed three times.
Ensure that all these actions are performed in order as listed, without too much of delay between each action, in a continuous fashion.
 The Prophet ﷺ used to perform his wuḍūʾ in a container, and so, to emulate his sunna would bring much reward.
 In the Shāfi`ī School, the intention is to be made at the same time as washing of the face, which is the first obligatory act of the wuḍū’. The prayer is not permissible whilst one is in a state of impurity.
 [t] Except for the neck, which is wiped only once with the middle fingers.